Master In Microbiology

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Master In Microbiology Description

Micro-organisms are the oldest inhabitants of earth. They are masters in versatility and adaptability to the changing environment. They will definitely prove to be most cost effective partners in our efforts for sustainable development. The microorganisms influence the man in several ways. The diversity of their activities varies from causing diseases in human and other animals and plants to the production of various useful products.Microbes have a very significant role in the era of biotechnology and hence microbiology has today come forth as one of the most demanding subject in the science stream of graduate and post graduate courses.

The contents of this course has been divided into 17 chapters covering basic studies of microorganisms excluding their application part. Course covers detailed information on history of microbiology, evolution of microorganisms, classification, Nomenclature and latest information of Bergey's manual. Chapter covers information about structure, metabolism reproduction,function and diseases caused by Bacteria, Viruses, Bacterial viruses, Plant viruses, Animalviruses, Archaea, Mycoplasma and Phytoplasma. General account of cyanobacteria including their nutrition and reproduction have been given. Course provides detailed information about Gram negative and Gram positive Bacteria and Eukaryotes viz. Algae and fungi.

Course Contents

INTRODUCTION

Major Fields of Pure Sciences; Major Fields of Applied Microbiology.

HISTORY OF MICROBIOLOGY

Discovery Era-Antony Van Leeuvenhoek; Transition Period-F. Redi, Needham, Spallanzani; Historical development in the field of Microbiology; Golden Age of Microbiology-Louis Pasteur, Tyndall, L.J. Lister, Robert Koch, Hesse, Jenner, Metchnikoff, Roux, Paul Ehrlich, Domagk, Flemming; Era of Molecular Biology - Beadle & Tatum, Delbruck & Luria; Nobel Laureates in Microbiology. 

EVOLUTION OF MICROORGANISM

Origin of Universe-Nebular Hypothesis; Planetesimal Hypothesis; Tidal Hypothesis; Recent Hypothesis; The Primitive Atmosphere of Earth; Chemical Origin of Life (Chemogeny); Biological Evolution of Biogeny; Cognogeny. 

CLASSIFICATION OF MICROORGANISM

Hierarchial Arrangement in Taxonomy; Whittaker Five Kingdom Concept; Major Differential Features among Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya; Modern Trends in Classification; Characters used for the Classification of Bacteria; Genome Comparison; RNA Finger Printing and Sequencing; DNA Sequencing; Microbial Phylogeny; Molecular Chronometers; Phylogenetic Trees; Taxonomic Criteria used for Classification & Indentification of Bacteria. 

NOMENCLATURE AND BERGEY'S MANUAL

Organization of Bergey's Manual; Classification of Prokaryotes.

BACTERIA

General Character; Plant Like Characteristic in Bacteria; Structure of Bacterial Cell-Shapes of Bacteria, Ultrastructure, Flagella, Pili, Capsule, Cell Wall-Gram +ve and Gram -ve bacteria; Cytoplasmic Membrane; Ribosomes; Chromatophores, Cytoplasmic Inclusions, Gas Vacuoles, Nuclear Material, Plasmid; Nutrition in Bacteria-Photosynthetic, Chemosynthetic, Heterotrophic Bacteria; Reproduction in BacteriaVegetative (Binary fission, Budding, Cyst, Gonidia); Asexual (Conidia, Oidiospores, Sporangiospores, Motile spores, Endospores); Genetic Recombination (Transformation, Conjugation, Transduction); Gram Staining, Pathogenic Bacteria. 

VIRUSES

History, General Characters of Viruses, Difference of Virus from Bacteria and Mycoplasma, Nature of Viruses; Viroids; Virusoides; Prions; Size & Structure of Viruses; Chemical Composition; Viral Genome; Classification of Virus - LHT System, Gasjens & King Classification, Baltimore Scheme of Classification; Replication of Viruses - Lytic Cycle, Lysogenic Cycle; Interferon. 

BACTERIAL VIRUSES

DNA Bacterial Viruses (Phage M13; Bacterial Virus T4; Temperate Bacteriophages; A. Phage, Virus T7, MU Virus).

PLANT VIRUSES

Morphology, Satellite Virus & RNA; Virus Infection-Symptoms (External & Internal); Classification & Nomenclature; Physiology & Cytology of Plants Infected with Viruses; Change in Low Molecular Weight Metabolites; Viral Diseases of Tomato (Leaf Curl of Tomato, Mosaic of Tomato); Rice Tungro Viruses; Sugarcane Mosaic; Algal Viruses - The Cyanophage - Properties, Life Cycle; Other Algal Viruses; Fungal Viruses-The Mycophages-Characteristics, Examples of Mycophages; Taxonomic Position of Mycophages; Tobacco Mosaic Virus; Cauliflower Mosaic Virus; Potato Virus; Transmission of Plant Viruses.

THE ANIMAL VIRUSES

Replication of Animal Viruses (DNA Viruses, RNA Viruses); Classification  of Animal Viruses; Classification of Human Viruses; Picomaviridae, Enteroviruses; Polioviruses; Coxsackieviruses, Echoviruses; Enteroviruses; Rhinoviruses; Rhabdoviruses; Rotaviruses; AIDS HIV Viruses; Poxviridae; Herpesvirus; Herpes Simplex Virus; Vericella-Zoster Virus; EpsteinBarr Virus; Cytomegalovirus; Adenovirus; Polymavirus; Hepatitis Viruses (Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, G).

ARCHAEA

Phytogeny; General Characteristics; Cell Wall; Plasma Membrane; Metabolism; Characteristics of the Major Archaeal Groups; Halobacteria.

MYCOPLASMA

General Characteristics; Classification, Cell Structure; Reproduction,Economic Importance; Plant Diseases-Symptoms, Transmission; Human and Animal Diseases.

PHYfOPLASMA

Mollicutes; Phytoplasmas-Occurrence & Maintenance, Detection; Vectors; Spread & Transmission; Disease Symptoms; Identification; Classification;Cure & Management; Little Leaf of Brinjal-Symptoms, Control.

GENERAL ACCOUNT OF CYANOBACTERIA

General Characters of Cyanobacteria; Occurrence, Thallus Organization;Cell Structure, Photosynthetic Pigments and Chromatic Adaptation; GasVacuoles; Heterocyst-Physiology & Nature of Heterocyst, Function;Nutrition of Cyanobacteria; Reproduction-Vegetative (Fission,Fragmentation, Hormogonia); Asexual (Akinetes, Endospores, Exospores,Nannocytes, Hormospores); Genetic Recombination.

GRAM -ve BACTERIA

Spirochetes - Movement, Cell division, Diversity, Symbiosis with Invertebrates; Trepollema pallidu11l, Borrelia, Lyme diseases; Rickettsia; Chlamydia, Gliding Bacteria (The Myxobacteria); The Sheathed BacteriaSphaerotilus, Leptothrix, Halisco11le1lobacter, Chemolithotrophs; Anoxygenic Phototrophic Bacteria; Oxygenic Phototrophic Bacteria; Cyanobacteria; Nitrogen Fixing Cyanobacteria; The Purple Bacteria (Sulphur and Nonsulphur Bacteria); The Green Bacteria (Sulphur & Non-sulphur Bacteria); Budding Bacteria.

GRAM +ve BACTERIA

Mycobacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis - Growth Characteristics, Pathogenicity; Endospore Forming Rods & Cocci; Anaerobic Spore Formers; Bacilllls - Anthrax, Clostridium; Actinomycetes - Biotechnological Potential of Actinomycetes; Antibiotics from Actinomycetes.

EUKARYOTA

Algae-General Characters, Habit & Habitat, Thallus Organization, Pigments, Reserve Food, Algal Cell-Flagella, Reproduction- Vegetative,Asexual & Sexual; Types of Life Cycle; Classification; Fungi - General Characters, Nutrition, Growth & Reproduction, Classification

Course Content

Fields of Pure Sciences Fields of Applied Microbiology History Of Microbiology Transition Period Historical development in the field of Microbiology Golden Age of Microbiolog Golden Age of Microbiolog Part-II Era of Molecular Biology Nobel Laureates in Microbiology Evolution Of Microorganism Recent Hypothesis Chemical Origin of Life Chemical Origin of Life Part-II Biological Evolution of Biogeny Classification Of Microorganism Hierarchial Arrangement in Taxonomy Five Kingdom Concept Domain Archaea Genome Comparison Genome Comparison Part-II Nuclear Acid Sequencing DNA Sequencing Microbial Phylogeny Molecular Chronometers Nomenclature and Bergey's Manual Bergey's Manual Bergey's Manual Volume 3 Bergey's Manual Volume 4 Classification of Prokaryotes Part-I Classification of Prokaryotes Part-II Classification of Prokaryotes Part-III Bacteria Blue Green Algae Shapes and Form of Bacteria Structure External to Cell Wall Capsules Intracellular Membrane System Nutrition In Bacteria Reproduction In Bacteria Reproduction In Bacteria Part-II Viruses Difference of Virus from Bacteria and Mycoplasma Viroids Structure of Viruses Structure of Viruses Part-II Viral Genome Viral Genome Part-II Replication of Viruses Bacterial Viruses Bacterial Virus T4 Bacteriophages Lamda Phage MU Virus Plant Viruses Virus Infection External Symptoms Of Virus Infection Single Stranded RNA DNA Viruses Change in Low Molecular Weight Metabolites Control and Treatment Of Viral Diseases Rice Tungro Viruses Sugarcane Mosaic Algal Viruses Features of other viruses Fungal Viruses Potato Virus Animal Viruses Replication of DNA Viruses Classification of Animal Viruses Classification of Human Viruses Picomaviridae Polioviruses Oral Polio Vaccine Enteroviruses Rhabdoviruses Rhabdoviruses Part-II Rotaviruses Rotaviruses Part-II AIDS HIV Viruses AIDS HIV Viruses Part-II Acute HIV Infection Replication of HIV Pathogenesis Pathogenesis of HIV & AID Polymerase Chain Reaction Transmission of HIV-1 and HIV-2 Epidemiology of HIV Poxviridae Control of Small Pox Herpesvirus Herpes Simplex Virus Vericella Epstein Barr Virus Human Herpesvirus Adeno Virus Polymavirus Hepatitis Viruses Hepatitis B Virus Hepatitis B Virus Part-II Hepatitis C Virus Hepatitis D Virus Hepatitis G Virus Archaea Archaeal Cell Wall Characteristics of the Major Archaeal Groups Crenarchaeota Halobacteria Mycoplasma Reproduction in Mycoplasma Phytoplasma Disease Symptoms General Characters of Cyanobacteria Thallus Organization Photosynthetic Pigments and Chromatic Adaptation Heterocyst Reproduction in Cyanobacteria Gram -ve Bacteria Spirochetes Rickettsia Characterisitics of Rickettsia Chlamydia Gliding Bacteria The Sheathed Bacteria Phototrophic Bacteria Cyanobacteria The Purple Bacteria Gram +ve Bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis Anaerobic Spore Formers Actinomycetes Actinomycetes Part-II Biotechnological Potential of Actinomycetes Eukaryota Algae Algal Pigments Reproduction in Eukaryotes Types of Life Cycle Classification in Eukaryotes Fungi Classification of Fungi Myxomycota Protozoa Characteristics of Protozoa Locomotion Nutrition Reproduction in Protozoa Classification of Protozoa Sporozoa

What You Need For This Course?

  • Access to Smart Phone / Computer
  • Good Internet Speed (Wifi/3G/4G)
  • Good Quality Earphones / Speakers
  • Basic Understanding of English
  • Dedication & Confidence to clear any exam

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