The state is called the Orchid State of India and the Paradise for the Botanists. The meaning of the name of the state is “Rising Sun’s land”. The northeastern state was established on February 20, 1987. It was initially a Union Territory and a part of Assam. During British rule, and till 1972 it was called the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). One of the safest states of the northeast has great cultural diversity and religious values. The people here believe in simplicity and are away from all bad influences and habits.
About two-thirds of the state is under forest lands, hence making the flora and fauna of the region highly diverse, tropical and home to many species. Some of the plantations are also used in making pharmaceutical and medicinal cures for various ailments and diseases. The animal variety is tigers, snow leopards, elephants, wild buffalo, serow and goral goats, species of deer, and primates such as hoolock gibbons, slow lorises, macaques, and capped langurs, bharals (wild sheep), black bears, and red pandas. The state is abundant in varieties of fish, snakes and birds too.
The literacy rate in Arunachal Pradesh is among the lowest in India, and thus needs serious transformation, research and development.
Agriculture and forestry
As per the climate and vegetation capacity of the nation, and the area covered under the forest lands is the key factor of this industry.