The east Indian state neighbouring Nepal, and occupying a crucial position in history and Vedic age is Bihar. The capital city of the state is Patna. For hundreds of years, the state enjoyed imperial powers because of rich Indian culture and civilization. The city of Pataliputra, today Patna is the oldest residential and occupied town in India. The city has the world’s oldest university, the Nalanda University, that attracts students from everywhere because of its Quality education and important literature availability.
The major fairs in the state include Sonepur Cattle Fair, Gaya-Pitrapaksha Mela, Chatth Puja, Holi Mela, while the cultural diversity can be seen from the various festivals like Chattha, Sarhul, Karma etc. The land of the state is richly developed according to many secularities. The state provides each religion with a separate and equal right to honour, and thus the traditions and practices are the amalgamations of their cultural diversity.
The main activities of the state are concerned around agriculture, in the production, procurement or manufacturing state. Fruits and vegetables are fully grown extensively. Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga are famous for mangoes, bananas, and litchi fruits. The potato-growing space in the cities of Patna district produces the simplest sort of seed potato in Asian nations. Chillies and tobacco are necessary commercial crops on the banks of the rivers. The districts in the state produce the best variety of seed potato in India.
Bihar is a foreign exchange agricultural states. The share of the population employed in agricultural production in the state is around 80%.