The fourth-most populous state of the country and the fourteenth-largest state in the area, West Bengal is in the eastern region, with rivers flowing directly into the Bay of Bengal. The state was one of the 3 major presidencies of the nation, and has historical and strategic importance and was significant in the British rule era. The independence of 1947. And the war of 1971, led to the partitioning of the state. Bangladesh known as East Pakistan was carved out of the state. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal. Also, Kolkata was the capital at the time of Britishers from 1756 to 1911, and the invaders entered Through the East India Company, for trade from the state. The National Song and National Anthem of India, “Vande Mataram” and “Jana Gana Mana” respectively were written by two literary maestros of India, by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, and Rabindranath Tagore. They are the eminent personalities of the nation. Their popular works are recognized and acknowledged all over the world, and even in primary and secondary course books.