Rajasthan, the largest state within the national boundaries of India. The meaning of the state is “The place of Rajas”. After independence, the princely states with all other independent constituencies got integrated to form one country, the Union of India. It assumed its present form on November 1, 1956, concerning States Reorganization Act.
The capital of the state is Jaipur, also called the Pink City, which has beautiful architectural sites, monuments, forts and cuisines accordingly. The state is placed and situated on the north-western side of the nation, with an 1179 km boundary sharing with Pakistan. The state has most of the area as desert land. The great and famous Thar desert is the gem of the state. The Aravalli Range, the oldest ranges of mountains forms a line across the state running from Guru Peak of Mount Abu 5,650 ft above sea level, near the town of Abu in the southwest region, to the town of Khetri in the northeast of the state. The natural line divides the state in the ratio of 3:2 with the leading percentage lying northwest of that line, and the remaining in the southeast, thus creating two natural divisions of Rajasthan. The northwestern track is generally arid and unproductive and has the desert region, although the eastern is habitable and fertile to an extent.
The state is known for its hospitality, and the saying of Padhaaro Mhaare Desh!, is prevalent in the whole state with a welcoming attitude by every city and the local citizens of the place. Recently, the state has also become the wedding capital of India and is responsible for royal weddings, Rajputi culture, and the best hospitality in the country. The customs and traditions are according to the King style, and everything grand.
The temples and pilgrimages centre of every religion can be found here like Nathdwara, in southern Rajasthan which is for the followers of Hinduism, who worship Krishna according to Vallabhacharya school. The Dargah in Ajmer for Khwājah Muʿīn al-Dīn Chishtī is one of the pious and holy centres for Islamism. The towns and temples of Mahavirji, Ranakpur, Dhulev, Delvara and Karera are some of the best architectural and holy Jain pilgrimage centres. There are various other important religious communities across the state other than the most recognized and popular ones. The Secular Composition of the state is Hinduism 88.49%, Muslim 9.07%, Christian 0.14%, Sikhism 1.27%, Buddhism 0.02%, Jain 0.91% and others 0.11%.
There are many new religions because of many invasions and intrusions on the land. Apart from Rajas and the Rajputs, there were Mughals, Britishers and other contemporaries to come to the vast area.