By Ms. Sherly Ganesh, Head of Nurition and Dietics, Columbia Asia Hospital Hebbal (A unit of Manipal Hospitals)
Covid 19 has a substantial impact on the immune system of a person. To maintain health, you need to provide required nutrition to the body. Eating right kind of food at the right time can help build strong immune system as well as give strength to people recovered from Covid.
The food you consume plays a major role in how fast you recover. Having the right knowledge about food on what helps and what harms leads to faster recovery.
As patients who have tested positive for covid 19 face symptoms like gastrointestinal problem, loss of smell, loss of taste, swallowing difficulties, the diet needs to be focused and well balanced. It is also crucial to understand the comorbidities of the patient like hypertension, diabetes, kidney disease and cardiac problem in order to choose the right type of diet. Your exercise routine and the food you eat determine your rate of recovery.
Listed below are the few suggestions for patients who have recovered from Covid 19
Keep your calorie intake in check – Say no to empty calories
In most cases, obese patients suffer from respiratory problems, weakened immune systems, and reduced lung volume. They are more vulnerable to develop pneumonia and cardiac issues. Hence, it is important to keep a check on your weight and calorie intake. However, additional amount of energy is required after recovery from Covid infection to cope up with the daily activities. This additional energy requirement is catered to with the intake of food like rice, potato, whole grain, cereals in your diet. It is best to avoid empty calories like junk food or sugary beverages.
A big yes to protein rich food
It is recommended that recovering patients should consume 1.2-1.3 g/kg of protein per day. Include whole grains, lentils, legumes, dairy products, soy products, nuts and seeds in your diet and for non-vegetarians, chicken, eggs and fish will be recommended.
Consume more fruits and vegetables:
Fresh fruits and vegetables are filled with dietary fibre, folate, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Include all of them in your diet for a better result.
Add immunity-boosters in your diet: Many fruits, vegetables and herbs have the immunity -boosting properties as they have phytochemicals and bioactive compounds.
Do not forget to hydrate yourself: Infections can dehydrate the body. Therefore, it is important to rehydrate when you are recovering from Covid. Drink 8-10 glasses of water every day. Consume broths, soups, and other juices as part of your daily diet.
Follow these tips when you are recovering from Covid:
It is not only the people who have recovered from Covid should be concerned about the kind of diet they have to follow. Even people who are having mild symptoms or asymptomatic and at home quarantine are also have to be careful about their diet for faster recovery. Listed below are the few tips which they can follow.
Consuming nutritious food is a vital part of living healthy. The food we eat should be giving strength to our body. Also, after the illness it is mandatory to eat well to come out of it.