Founded in the year 1868 at Berkeley, San Francisco Bay, UC Berkeley is a public research university which is affiliated to the University of California. Being one of the world's pioneering public universities and a fountain of innovation, the university boasts of a 1,232 acre campus with a sylvan 178-acre central core, which homes its academic community making a vital contribution to the economic and social well-being of the Bay Area, California, and the US.
Offering 7,000 courses in some 350 degree programs; the campus houses 130 academic departments and more than 80 interdisciplinary research units that are organized into 14 colleges and schools. Berkeley's current faculty includes 227 American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellows, 2 Fields Medal winners, 83 Fulbright Scholars, 139 Guggenheim Fellows, 87 members of the National Academy of Engineering, 132 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 8 Nobel Prize winners, 3 Pulitzer Prize winners, 84 Sloan Fellows, 7 Wolf Prize winners and 1 Pritzker Prize winner. Moreover, 66 Nobel Laureates have been affiliated with the university as faculty, alumni or researchers, the sixth most of any university in the world.
The ARWU ranked UC Berkeley 2rd internationally, while Newsweek and Webometrics placed Berkeley 5th in the World. Washington Monthly ranked Berkeley 1st in its 2009 National University College rankings. According to the National Research Council, 35 of 36 of the university's graduate programs rank in the top 10 in their respective fields, earning Berkeley the NRC's top score in academic reputation. In the US News and World Report graduate school survey, Berkeley is the only university to achieve top 5 rankings in all of the Ph.D. disciplines covered producing more Ph.D.