The only state of India possessing both the Western and Eastern Ghat mountain ranges meeting at Nilgiri hills. Though dominated by the Western Ghats, the eastern side is a fertile coastal plain and thus becomes an important coastal state with ports developed to support trade and business. Chennai previously called Madras is the capital and is the fourth largest city of India. Tamil is the state language of the region and is by most of the population. The language is the oldest living language and was declared as a special language by UNESCO in 2004.
The culture and traditional values of the region and its people define the importance and exclusivity of the nation. This contributes to the secular status of our Independent land, the popular dance forms of the area are Bharatha Natyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, and Odissi, while the state is also rich in its folk traditions like the folk dances are Kummi and Karakattam. There are major institutes, gurukuls and gurus who teach these forms, to the whole world. Popular events and festivals also take place in the state to showcase the diversity and culture of the locals like the Kacheri, Mamallapuram Festival
Tamil University, the state university focuses on the study of local Tamil language, literature, and culture. The programs and basics of the same are to promote the rich art and culture of the nation. The other universities of the state are the University of Madras (1857) and Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (1989). The state also has a forest Department, called. Some important sectors and industries to provide a stake in the national economy and state economic affairs are,
All Indian states contribute significantly to the sector because of the natural, geographical and climatic importance. The major food crops are paddy, millets and pulses. Some commercial crops are sugarcane, cotton, sunflower, coconut, cashew nuts, chillies, and groundnut.
Tea, coffee, cardamom and rubber plantations are the speciality as well as tourism enhancing industries.